微创Chevron-Akin截骨术治疗轻中度拇外翻的早期疗效分析
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李学谦 LI Xue-qian 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China  
张解元 ZHANG Jie-yuan 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China  
傅绍菱 FU Shao-ling 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China  
王诚 WANG Cheng 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China  
陈城 CHEN Cheng 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China  
宋国勋 SONG Guo-xun 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China  
顾文奇 GU Wen-qi 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China  
梅国华 MEI Guo-hua 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China  
施忠民 SHI Zhong-min 上海交通大学附属第六人民医院骨科-足踝外科, 上海 200233 Foot & Ankle Section, Department of Orthopaedics, Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai 200233, China 18930177323@163.com 
期刊信息:《中国骨伤》2022年,第35卷,第9期,第824-829页
DOI:10.12200/j.issn.1003-0034.2022.09.005
基金项目:科技部国家重点研发计划(编号:2018YFC2001504);上海交通大学"交大之星"计划医工交叉研究基金(编号:YG2022ZD018);上海市"科技创新行动计划"生物医药领域科技支撑项目(编号:19441902400);宁夏回族自治区重点研发计划(编号:2020BCH01001)
中文摘要:

目的:探讨微创Chevron-Akin(minimally invasive Chevron-Akin,MICA)截骨术治疗轻中度拇外翻的早期临床疗效。

方法:自2019年6月至2021年4月,采用MICA截骨术治疗26例(29足)轻中度拇外翻患者,其中男1例,女25例;年龄19~78(38.3±19.5)岁。观察并比较手术前后拇外翻角(hallux valgus angle,HVA),第1、2跖骨间角(intermetatarsal angle,IMA),第1跖骨短缩。末次随访时采用美国骨科足踝外科协会(American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society,AOFAS)前足评分系统及视觉模拟评分(visual analogue scale,VAS)评价治疗效果,并记录相关并发症。

结果:26例(29足)均获得随访,时间12~33(19.6±5.1)个月。HVA、IMA分别由术前的(32.3±6.6)°、(11.7±3.2)°矫正为术后的(13.0±5.3)°、(6.1±3.2)°,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);第1跖骨短缩(2.7±1.1) mm。AOFAS评分由术前的(55.7±7.4)分提高到术后的(88.5±7.9)分(P<0.01),其中优15足,良11足,可3足。VAS由术前的(6.5±1.5)分改善为术后的(0.7±0.4)分(P<0.01)。

结论:MICA截骨术创伤小,术后恢复快,并发症率低,并且能有效改善拇外翻畸形,是治疗轻中度拇外翻的安全可靠手术方法。
【关键词】拇外翻  微创外科手术  截骨术  复位  内固定
 
Early efficacy analysis of minimally invasive Chevron-Akin osteotomy for the treatment of mild to moderate hallus valgus
ABSTRACT  

Objective: To explore early efficacy of minimally invasive Chevron Akin (MICA) osteotomy for the treatment of mild to moderate hallux valgus.

Methods: From June 2019 to April 2021,a total of 26 patients (29 feet) with mild to moderate hallux valgus,including 1 male and 25 females aged from 19 to 78 years old with an average of (38.3±19.5) years old,were treated with MICA.Preoperative and postoperative hallux valgus angle (HVA),intermetatarsal angle (IMA) and shortening of the first metatarsal were observed and compared.American Orthopedic Foot and Ankle Society (AOFAS) forefoot scoring system and visual analogue scale (VAS) were applied to evaluate clinical outcome at the final follow-up,and complications were also recorded.

Results: All patients obtained followed up from 12 to 33 months with an average of (19.6±5.1) months.HVA and IMA was improved from (32.3±6.6)° and (11.7±3.2)° pre-operatively to (13.0±5.3)° and (6.1±3.2)° post-operatively,respectively,which had a significant difference (P<0.01).The average shortening of the first metatarsal was (2.7±1.1) mm.AOFAS and VAS was improved from (55.7±7.4) and (6.5±1.5) preoperatively and to (88.5±7.9) and (0.7±0.4) respectively at the final follow-up,which also had a significant difference (P<0.01).According to AOFAS score,15 feet achieved an excellent result,11 good and 3 moderate.

Conclusion: MICA osteotomy is a safe and reliable surgical technique for mild to moderate hallux valgus with advantages of minimally invasive,rapid recovery,low complication rate and an effect improvement of hallux valgus deformity.
KEY WORDS  Hallux valgus  Minimally surgical procedures  Osteotomy  Restoration  Internal fixation
 
引用本文,请按以下格式著录参考文献:
中文格式:李学谦,张解元,傅绍菱,王诚,陈城,宋国勋,顾文奇,梅国华,施忠民.微创Chevron-Akin截骨术治疗轻中度拇外翻的早期疗效分析[J].中国骨伤,2022,35(9):824~829
英文格式:LI Xue-qian,ZHANG Jie-yuan,FU Shao-ling,WANG Cheng,CHEN Cheng,SONG Guo-xun,GU Wen-qi,MEI Guo-hua,SHI Zhong-min.Early efficacy analysis of minimally invasive Chevron-Akin osteotomy for the treatment of mild to moderate hallus valgus[J].zhongguo gu shang / China J Orthop Trauma ,2022,35(9):824~829
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